Pi in the Bible: Solomon’s Temple and Pi

Solomon’s Temple was the first temple of the Jewish religion, constructed in Jerusalem circa 1000 BCE, and destroyed by the Babylonians circa 586 BCE. The biblical Book of Kings 1 gives detailed descriptions of the construction of the Temple.

At 1 Kings 7:23 it gives the following description of the measurements of the “molten sea”, a large round laver which the Temple Priests (the “kohanim”) used for washing of their hands prior to performing their duties.

“He made a molten sea of ten cubits from brim to brim, round in compass,and five cubits in height thereof, and aline thirty cubits did copass it around about.”

This would equate to a value of pi = 3 for construction purposes.


”Solomon constructing houses

for the forest of Lebanon

Pharoah’s daughter

(whom he had taken to wife)

and for the Lord.

Fetching Hiram out of Tyre

a widow’s son of the tribe of Naphtali


(his father filled with wisdom

understanding and cunning

to work all works in brass).


Hiram for Solomon and the Lord

casts molten seas

vast columns of cherubims

lions and palm trees


a working man’s knowledge of pi……”

This entry was published on February 27, 2012 at 2:10 am and is filed under Math, Pi, Poems. Bookmark the permalink. Follow any comments here with the RSS feed for this post.

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